Organized between June 25- July 20, 1775 to consist of 9 companies from Cumberland, Lancaster, Northumberland, Northampton, Bedford, Berks and York Counties. Frustration had set in on the British in regard to Marion, and the decision was made by Cornwallis replacement as field commander in South Carolina, Lord Francis Rawdon, to try and eradicate the pest once and for all. The 11th Pennsylvania's total losses during the whole campaign were substantial, for by November 1, 1777, it had present for duty only eight officers and eighty enlisted men. 21 Thacher, James, Military Journal during the American Revolutionary War, pp. Resend Activation Email, Please check the I'm not a robot checkbox, If you want to be a Photo Volunteer you must enter a ZIP Code or select your location on the map. Both Watson and Marion rode out to face each other across a quarter-mile causeway spanning the mire and marsh of the swamp. Keystone State. During the 1777 campaign, the regiment split, with the smaller rifle corps joining Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates at Saratoga. It gained permanent status as a two-company force on 15 October of that year and provided reconnaissance capability to the Northern Department until 1 January 1781 when it disbanded at Coos, New Hampshire, as part of a general reorganization of the Continental Army. Rogers wrote the 19 standing orders that are still in use today. The situation was not good. Late that afternoon, he bivouacked south of Nelsons Ferry. Originally fielded by the French to counter Austrian irregulars recruited in the Balkans, they filled a unique niche by providing deep security around an army in the field or carried out raids behind enemy lines. The Pennsylvania Lineoriginated in 1775 was organized into thirteen regiments and several independent companies. These active duty rolls could be distinguished from the permanent billet rolls by the fact that instead of being listed by individual classes as they were in the permanent rolls, the names of the men were here listed under the name of the company captain. Mifflin' Brigade re-designated on October 8, 1776 as Stirling's Brigade. . Soldiers remaining in the regiment were reassigned to other units and eventually sent south to take part in the Yorktown Campaign. The Regiment was authorized on December 9, 1775 in the Continental Army as the 5th Pennsylvania Battalion. Having dashed ahead to destroy the bridge, Horry and his men were positioned fifty yards across the river. Within the formation were the wagons, periodically stopping to gather more wounded or dead. Organized in between March 7- May 29, 1776 at Markus Hook, to consist of the 1st Battalion (6 companies) from Philadelphia City and Bucks, Bedford, York, Norhampton and Northumberland Counties; and the 2nd Battalion (6 companies) from Berks, Cumberland, Lancaster and Westmoreland Counties. Marions response was to once again reiterate his position that he was only responding in kind to British transgressions. As a result of declining numbers, the Pennsylvania Regiments were reorganized into three provisional battalions. Search above to list available cemeteries. During this period, 135 men and officers were detached to Col. Daniel Morgan and participated in the Saratoga campaign as part of his rifle corps. Rangers, who served long enlistments on the frontier against the Indians. Rangers committed to prolonged enlistment periods and rather than fight the war for independence, they patrolled Pennsylvania's western frontier, often fending off Indian attacks. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. But the bluff was too high and the artillery canister just passed overhead of the defenders on the east bank when fired. In Pennsylvania, the Associators once again stepped up to fill these roles, but the cost and commitment of their near continuous service were growing burdensome. L.G. Black regimental hats are bound up in yellow.Records of deserters in 1777-78 show however, men clad in various color regimental coats and hunting shirts. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission, Battalions and Companies, Arranged by County, Northumberland Co Revolutionary War Militia, Philadelphia City Revolutionary War Militia, Philadelphia Co Revolutionary War Militia, Westmoreland Co Revolutionary War Militia, PHMC Collections Management Policy Standards, Diversity, Equity, Inclusion & Access Policy. An attempt to move the cannon and depress the muzzles led to the crews being run off by the highly accurate fire of the sharpshooters. Following the British practice of calling a regiment after its commander, this battalion came to be called Thompson's Rifle Battalion. Union County, On May 18 the unit lost a junior officer killed in a fight at Paramus. July to August 1777 - With the rest of Washington's army the 6th Regiment marched back and forth across New Jersey and into New York and Pennsylvania while trying to ascertain the destination of General Howe's army, which had embarked on the British fleet. For Northumberland County, the number of militiamen serving in each company of the 1776 Associator Battalions and for the 1778 3rd and 4th Militia Battalions is provided. A double-pronged attack was planned with Lieutenant Colonel Watson marching down the Santee to attack Marion while Colonel Welbore Ellis Doyle crossed the Lynches River to cut off the rebels escape. Only in extreme cases was any individual militia man required to drill with his neighbors as many as twelve times each year, and at most he was called upon to perform during the entire course of the war, two or possibly three, short tours of active duty. Men who served with Regiment and continued their service saw action at Yorktown and mopping up operations in South Carolina. In fact, Major General Friedrich von Steuben wrote a separate drill manual for them in late 1780. Colonel Brodhead is placed in command of the consolidated forces and ordered by General Washington to withdraw to Manhattan. It was assigned on August 12, 1776 to Stirling's Brigade, an element of the Main Army. Watson and his men remained where they were, subsisting off the plantation, gathering from those homes around them anything else they needed. PHMC. Though the act provided exemptions for members of the Continental Congress, Pennsylvania's Supreme Executive Council, Supreme Court judges, masters and teachers of colleges, ministers of the Gospel, and indentured servants, as a practical matter anyone could avoid serving either by filing an appeal to delay their service for a period of time or by paying a fine to hire a substitute. Under the Militia Act of 1777, the numbering of the militia units changed every three years though the composition of each unit recruited from a given area tended to remain more or less the same except for casualties and new recruits. Imposing and silent, highly disciplined and trained, impressive in their bright red uniforms, the guards led with bayonets that gleamed and sparkled on the ends of upraised muskets. For this reason, a separate permanent billet record and an active duty record would have existed for each individual who saw active duty. Translation on Find a Grave is an ongoing project. None of the light units employed by the Continental Army carried out a training role as Rogers' Rangers had during the French and Indian War. These concerns were overcome and the regiment joined the army later in the month. The 7th Pennsylvania was part of the force that attacked the blockhouse under Wayne at Bergen Heights on july 21, 1780. Seventy men, thirty of whom were sharpshooters, were dispatched to ride ahead to secure and hold the Lower Bridge under Major James. Some of the muster rolls provide the date when duty began, and in the case of officers, the date of their commission, and perhaps some additional comments indicating such types of information as whether they were detached on special duty or the dates of any desertions. That evening both sides encamped, though Marion did order his night patrols to take shots at Watsons sentinels. Morgan would continue to fight in support of the American Revolution in a number of significant battles, including the battle at Cowpens, South Carolina, on 17 January 1781. Upon reaching the ford site, the captain was killed with one shot from the Marions sharpshooter commander. The regiment was raised in Cumberland and York counties (companies G and H). Powder Horns. Northampton County Revolutionary War Militia 1st Battalion, 1777 Commanding Officers: Col. George Hubner; 4th Battalion, 1780 Commanding Officers: Lt. Col. Philip Beehm (Boehm) However, the men who remained in service were all redistributed among all these units and this establishment was mostly on paper. As circumstances would have it, Rogers, who had never earned the trust of those like George Washington, sought and received a commission from Great Britain, consequently raising and leading the Queens Rangers and Kings Rangers during the American Revolution, flying the Union Jack of Great Britain rather then the red, white, and blue colors of the newly declared American colonies. Within minutes, the planks had been removed from the center of the bridge and the stringers burned on the east end. RootsWeb is funded and supported by It was Maxwell's command which fought the delaying action at Iron Hill on September 3, 1777, when Lt. Col. Francis Gurney was wounded. It was consolidated with the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment on 17 January 1781 and re-designated as the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment and concurrently furloughed at Trenton, New Jersey. Where it was involved in several minor battles and skirmishes. Northumberland County Revolutionary War Militia Upper Division Associators, 24 January 1776 Commanding Officers: Col. unknown Strafford County, Benjamin Church (1639-1718) of Massachusetts developed a special full-time unit mixing white colonists selected for frontier skills with friendly Indians to carry out offensive strikes against hostile Indians in terrain where normal militia units were ineffective. They required six-month enlistments. The 12th Pennsylvania Regiment also known as Northumberland Defense Battalion was raised August 23, 1776 at Sunbury, Pennsylvania as a state militia regiment and later for service with the Continental Army. Fairfax County, Trussell, Jr. (Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1977). It sustained casualties at Paoli on Sept. 21, including one officer killed, and at the Battle of Germantown it was the left flank of the American troops attacking the British center that was mistakenly fired on by other American troops. The names of those who actually turned out for muster duty would then appear on company muster rolls listing the men in their new arrangement. Another form of line service was with theCorps of Invalids. For a more detailed account of how the Pennsylvania militia system worked see "The Pennsylvania Militia in 1777" by Hannah Benner Roach in Other examples of this type of service include the large numbers of Pennsylvania militia employed in the summer and autumn of 1777 to oppose the British invasion at Brandywine and on the flanks at the battle of Germantown, though in neither case did they actually see action. Disbanded on July 1, 1778 at White Plains, New York. Queens Loyal Rangers. During the Revolutionary War, Western Pennsylvania saw much fighting between American soldiers and British rangers and their Indian allies. These nine companies were to form a battalion to be commanded by Col. William Thompson of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Found more than one record for entered Email, You need to confirm this account before you can sign in. Keystone State. Washington wanted to use it as a vehicle for insuring tribal support--its Native American members would become hostages for the good behavior of the rest of the tribe--as well as a combat element. Organized in between September 28- December 18, 1776 at Sunbury to consist of 8 companies from Northampton, Berks, Cumberland and Northumberland Counties. Gen. Anthony Wayne's Division. The regiment was furloughed, on June 11, 1783, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and disbanded on November 15, 1783. The Regiment was authorized on July 16, 1776 in the Continental Army as Capt. Organized between January 2- February 17, 1776 at Philadelphia to consist of 8 companies. These sharpshooters were proving to be so successful that Watson felt compelled by noon to redeploy his regiment to a large open field about a half-mile away. Light companies normally assembled into provisional battalions at the start of each year's campaign and acted as a special strike force in traditional battlefield roles, not as a reconnaissance element. RevWar '75 Continental Army Orderly Books Crown Forces Orderly Books Articles from Military Collector and Historian. Thus, the Pennsylvania Rifle Battalion, being the first unit formed by the state, became the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, The 1st Pennsylvania Battalion became the nucleus of the 2nd Pennsylvania Regiment and so on. American Revolutionary War Immortalized in song and story, Francis Marion became a hero of the Revolution second only to the commander-in-chief and first President of the United States, George Washington. South Carolina and Georgia each raised mounted ranger units in 1775-1776, but when they became part of the Continental Army during the summer of 1776 they transformed into mounted infantry. An online listing of officers in the In the spring of 1777, the Regiment was assigned to Brig. Arriving from Ireland Kauffman, Organized between July 15- September 15, 1776 at Kittanning to consist of 8 companies from Westmoreland, Bedford and Cumberland Counties. The young officer, nicknamed "The Irish Beauty" by the ladies of Philadelphia, was a close friend of Anthony Wayne's and well acquainted with Washington as well. Congress called for a Flying Camp to serve under General George Washington. After the British attacked at Long Island, the 1st Continental Regiment covered the retreat the American army. Revolutionary Soldiers, thanks again Ed Carsons In April of 1781, Robinson's Rangers had already been involved, as General Potter stated in his letter xiv in a "sharp engagement at Bald Eagle Creek." Little is known of that particular engagement, and perhaps it is the same one related by Van Campen, later. Reorganized and re-designated on January 1, 1777 as the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment, to consist of 8 companies. This account has been disabled. Virginia, Re-designated on June 22, 1775 as the Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment. The 6th Pennsylvania was then posted there for the next three months and was involved in several brushes with the British. Organized on September 5, 1776 at Lancaster with recruits from central Pennsylvania and assigned to the. Weve updated the security on the site. In the meantime, the regiment was commanded by the senior officer present for duty, Maj. William Williams. 31; Dillin, John G.W., The Kentucky Rifle p. 83-84. . Unfortunately for Watson, the lack of trees and concealment did not diminish the fires, nor their accuracy. The Pennsylvania Navy was created in 1775 and, like the Pennsylvania Line, was filled by voluntary enlistment. Like the Associators, they were volunteers. Marion was located past Murrys Ferry. At Trenton, it was the 1st Continental Regiment (now known as the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment) that cut off the Hessian retreat from Trenton, causing them to surrender. 11th Pennsylvania Regiment was officially authorized on October 25, 1776. The distance from bank to bank was the perfect sharpshooter distance, fifty yards. For all intents the Regiment ceased to exist. In 1776, the state's Provincial Assembly was replaced by a General Assembly and a new Pennsylvania constitution. Continental Regiments, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment 2d Pennsylvania Regiment 3d Pennsylvania Regiment 4th Pennsylvania Regiment 5th Pennsylvania Regiment 6th Pennsylvania Regiment 7th Pennsylvania Regiment 8th Pennsylvania Regiment 9th Pennsylvania Regiment 10th Pennsylvania Regiment 11th Pennsylvania Regiment 12th Pennsylvania Regiment 13th Pennsylvania Regiment Nelson's Independent Rifle Company William's Independent Company Morehead's Independent Company Weaver's Independent Company Pugh's Independent Company Doyle's Independent Rifle Company Pennsylvania State Musketry Battalion Carlisle Independent Companies State Militia Units. The two dismounted troops armed and equipped as light infantry provided a defensive element to protect the camp from enemy surprise attack, and also provided a base of fire around which the mounted elements could maneuver. In fact over the period of several years the 3d South Carolina Regiment gradually evolved into a line infantry regiment. When spring came, the regiment was again actively engaged in patrols and skirmishes with British forays from New York. Reorganized and re-designated on January 1, 1777 as the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, to consist of 8 companies. Special battalions of line troops were recruited for the Copyright 2017 | All Rights Reserved, Captain Samual Morehead's Independent Company, Captain Jacob Weaver's Independent Company, Revolutionary War Records at the Pennsylvania State Archives, Pennsylvania Final Payment Vouchers Index for Military Pensions, 1818-1864, Pennsylvania Revolutionary War Prize Cases - Captured Vessels, Pennsylvania Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, Pennsylvania Revolutionary War Service Records, Pennsylvania in the War of the Revolution : battalions and line, 1775-1783, Pennsylvania Society of Daughters of the American Revolution, Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the American Revolution, List of Soldiers and Widows of Soldiers Granted Revolutionary War Pensions by Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Militia in 1777: A Reprint from The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Vol. Certificates of the funded or Militia Debt. The financial difficulties of the new government, difficulties that lasted into the 1790's, complicated the payment of troops. They also became very adept at employing the mounted troops in a raid designed to provoke a British pursuit which would end with a classic "L-shaped" ambush. March 5, 1776 The Pennsylvania House of Representatives passes a resolution to establish: The Pennsylvania State Rifle Regiment, know as Miles's Regiment, was to consist of two battalions of six companies of seventy-eight enlisted men, armed with rifles: The State Battalion of Musketry, known as Atless's Battalion, was to consist of eight companies of fifty-eight enlisted men, armed with muskets. As Marions men turned back from the fires, Watson loaded two wagons with wounded. In certain counties there were recruited special troops calledRangers, who served long enlistments on the frontier against the Indians. Pennsylvania, Becoming a Find a Grave member is fast, easy and FREE. Organization was territorial, so that normally a company consisted of men from a single township, while a battalion included all the Associators of several neighboring townships. It spent the rest of the year in garrison at West Point and probably wintered at Morristown. He and Washington intended it to be the companion to the famous "Blue Book", but operational factors prevented its publication and distribution. On October 14, under pressure from the British rejoined the main force at Ticonderoga. does god answer prayers about relationships, teams in wordscapes, meditations before kaddish poem,
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